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php实例之mysql数据备份

php实例之mysql数据备份

本代码实现了表结构和数据完全分开,默认有一个文件会记录所有表的结构,然后表中数据的备份 如果超过分卷的大小则会分成多个文件,不然则一个文件

备份:表结构和数据完全分开,默认有一个文件会记录所有表的结构,然后表中数据的备份 如果超过分卷的大小则会分成多个文件,不然则一个文件,参考了别人的代码,不过写的嘛,差强 人意,以后慢慢改吧。。。

代码如下:

<?php

class DbBackUp {
private $conn;
private $dbName;
private $host;
private $tag = ‘_b';
//构造方法 链接数据库
public function __construct($host=’localhost’, $dbUser=’root’, $dbPwd=”, $dbName=”seocheck”, $charset=’utf8′) {
@ob_start();
@set_time_limit(0);
$this->conn = mysql_connect($host, $dbUser, $dbPwd, true);
if(!$this->conn) die(“数据库系统连接失败!”);
mysql_query(“set names “.$charset, $this->conn);
mysql_select_db($dbName, $this->conn) or die(“数据库连接失败!”);
$this->host = $host;
$this->dbName = $dbName;
}

//获取数据库所有表名
public function getTableNames () {
$tables = array();
$result = mysql_list_tables($this->dbName, $this->conn);
if(!$result) die(‘MySQL Error: ‘ . mysql_error());
while($row = mysql_fetch_row($result)) {
$tables[] = $row[0];
}
return $tables;
}

//获取数据库表的字段信息
public function getFieldsByTable ($table) {
$fields = array();
$str = ”;
$res = mysql_query(“SHOW CREATE TABLE `{$table}`”, $this->conn);
if(!$res) die(‘MySQL Error: ‘ . mysql_error());
while($rows = mysql_fetch_assoc($res)) {
$str = str_replace(“CREATE TABLE `{$table}` (“, “”, $rows[‘Create Table’]);//DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `{$table}`\n
$str = “–\n– Table structure for table `{$table}`\n–\n\nCREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `{$table}` ( “.$str;
$str = str_replace(“,”, “, “, $str);
$str = str_replace(“`) ) ENGINE=InnoDB “, “`)\n ) ENGINE=InnoDB “, $str);
$str .=”;\n\n”;
//$str = $str.”;\n\n–\n– Dumping data for table `{$table}`\n–\n\n”;
$fields[$rows[‘Table’]] = $str;
}
return $fields;
} www.jbxue.com

//获取表中的数据
public function getDataByTable($table) {
$data = array();
$str = ”;
$res = mysql_query(“SELECT * FROM `{$table}`”, $this->conn);
if(!$res) die(‘MySQL Error: ‘ . mysql_error());
while($rows = mysql_fetch_assoc($res)) {
if(!empty($rows)) {
$data[] = $rows;
}
}
$keys = array_keys($data[0]);
foreach ($keys as $k=>$v) {
$keys[$k] = ‘`’.$v.’`';
}
$key = join(‘, ‘, $keys);
$str = “INSERT INTO `{$table}` ({$key}) VALUES\n”;
foreach ($data as $k=>$v) {
$str.=”(“;
while (list($key, $val) = each($v)) {
if(!is_numeric($val)) {
$str.= “‘”.$val.”‘, “;
} else {
$str.= $val.’, ‘;
}
}
$str = substr($str, 0, -2);// 后边有空格 所以从-2 开始截取
if($k+1 == count($data)) {
$str.=”);\n\n– ——————————————————–\n\n”;
} else {
$str.=”),\n”;
}
}
return $str;
}

//备份数据库
public function getBackUpDataByTable ($tables, $path=”, $fileName = ‘seocheck’, $subsection = ‘2’) {
if(empty($tables)) $this->_showMsg(‘未能指定要备份的表!!!’, true);
$page = 0;//卷数
$path = empty($path) ? $_SERVER[‘DOCUMENT_ROOT’].’/core/Runtime/Data/’.$fileName.’Demo/’ : $path;
if(!file_exists($path)) {
mkdir($path, 0777, true);
} www.jbxue.com
$mysql_info = $this->_retrieve();
$fieldsByTable = array();
if(is_array($tables)) {
$this->_showMsg(‘开始备份,数据正在初始化中,请勿关闭浏览器…’);
$fw = $this->writeFileByBackUpData($path.$this->dbName.’_table.sql’, $mysql_info, $method=”ab+”);
if($fw !== false) {
$this->_showMsg(‘备份数据库基本信息成功。。。’);
}
foreach ($tables as $table) {
$tableInfo = $this->getFieldsByTable($table);
if(!empty($tableInfo)) {
$this->_showMsg(‘获取表[‘.$table.’]结构成功。。。’);
$fw = $this->writeFileByBackUpData($path.$this->dbName.’_table.sql’, $tableInfo[$table], $method=”ab+”);
if($fw === false) {
$this->_showMsg(‘备份表[‘.$table.’]结构失败。。。’, true);
} else {
$this->_showMsg(‘备份表[‘.$table.’]结构成功,开始获取数据。。。’);
};
} else {
$this->_showMsg(‘获取数据库[‘.$this->dbName.’]表结构失败,请稍后再试!。。。’, true);
}
$this->_insertSqlByTableForAll($path, $table, $subsection);
}
} else {
$this->_showMsg(‘开始备份,数据正在初始化中,请勿关闭浏览器…’);
$tableInfo = $this->getFieldsByTable($tables);
if(!empty($tableInfo)) {
$this->_showMsg(‘获取表[‘.$tables.’]结构成功。。。’);
$fw = $this->writeFileByBackUpData($path.$this->dbName.’_’.$tables.’_table.sql’, $mysql_info.$tableInfo[$tables]);
if($fw === false) {
$this->_showMsg(‘备份表[‘.$tables.’]结构失败。。。’, true);
} else {
$this->_showMsg(‘备份表[‘.$tables.’]结构成功,开始获取数据。。。’);
}
} else {
$this->_showMsg(‘获取表[‘.$tables.’]结构失败,请稍后再试!。。。’, true);
}
$res = $this->_insertSqlByTableForAll($path, $tables, $subsection);
}
}

//数据库基本信息
private function _retrieve() {
$backUp = ”;
$backUp .= ‘–‘ . “\n”;
$backUp .= ‘– MySQL database dump’ . “\n”;
$backUp .= ‘– Created by DbBackUp class, Power By chujiu. ‘ . “\n”;
$backUp .= ‘–‘ . “\n”;
$backUp .= ‘– 主机: ‘ . $this->host . “\n”;
$backUp .= ‘– 生成日期: ‘ . date ( ‘Y’ ) . ‘ 年 ‘ . date ( ‘m’ ) . ‘ 月 ‘ . date ( ‘d’ ) . ‘ 日 ‘ . date ( ‘H:i’ ) . “\n”;
$backUp .= ‘– MySQL版本: ‘ . mysql_get_server_info () . “\n”;
$backUp .= ‘– PHP 版本: ‘ . phpversion () . “\n”;
$backUp .= “\n\n”;
$backUp .= “SET SQL_MODE=’NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO';\n”;
$backUp .= “SET time_zone = ‘+00:00′;\n\n”;
$backUp .= “/*!40101 SET @OLD_CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT=@@CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT */;\n”;
$backUp .= “/*!40101 SET @OLD_CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS=@@CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS */;\n”;
$backUp .= “/*!40101 SET @OLD_COLLATION_CONNECTION=@@COLLATION_CONNECTION */;\n”;
$backUp .= “/*!40101 SET NAMES utf8*/;\n\n”;
$backUp .= “–\n– Database: `{$this->dbName}`\n–\n\n– ——————————————————–\n\n”;
return $backUp;
}

/**
* 插入单条记录
*
* @param string $row
*/
private function _insertSql($row, $table) {
// sql字段逗号分割
$insert = ”;
$insert .= “INSERT INTO `” . $table . “` VALUES(“;
foreach($row as $key=>$val) {
$insert .= “‘”.$val.”‘,”;
}
$insert = substr($insert, 0 ,-1);
$insert .= “);” . “\n”;
return $insert;
}

/**
* 生成一个表的inser语句
* @param string $table
* @param string $subsection 分卷大小
*/
private function _insertSqlByTableForAll($path, $table, $subsection) {
$i = 0;
$insertSqlByTable = ”;
$res = mysql_query(“SELECT * FROM `{$table}`”, $this->conn);
if(!$res) die(‘MySQL Error: ‘ . mysql_error());
while($rows = mysql_fetch_assoc($res)) {
$insertSqlByTable .= $this->_insertSql($rows, $table);
$size = strlen($insertSqlByTable);
if($size > $subsection*1024*1024) {
$fw = $this->writeFileByBackUpData($path.$table.$i.$this->tag.’.sql’, $insertSqlByTable);
if($fw === false) $this->_showMsg(‘数据库表[‘.$table.’],卷 ‘.$i.’ 写入文件失败,请稍后再试!!!’,true);
$this->_showMsg(‘数据库表[‘.$table.’],卷 ‘.$i.’ 备份成功!备份文件:[ ‘.$path.$table.$i.$this->tag.’.sql ]’);
$insertSqlByTable = ”;
$i+=1;
}
}
// insertSqlByTable大小不够分卷大小
if ($insertSqlByTable != “”) {
$fw = $this->writeFileByBackUpData($path.$table.$this->tag.’.sql’, $insertSqlByTable);
if($fw === false) $this->_showMsg(‘数据库表[‘.$table.’]写入文件失败,请稍后再试!!!备份文件:[ ‘.$path.$table.$this->tag.’.sql ]’,true);
$this->_showMsg(‘数据库表[‘.$table.’] 备份成功!备份文件:[ ‘.$path.$table.$this->tag.’.sql ]’);
}
$this->_showMsg(‘数据库表[‘.$table.’]全部备份成功!’);
}

// 写入文件
public function writeFileByBackUpData($fileName, $data, $method=”rb+”, $iflock=1, $check=1, $chmod=1){
$check && @strpos($fileName, ‘..’)!==false && exit(‘Forbidden’);
@touch($fileName);
$handle = @fopen($fileName, $method);
if($iflock) {
@flock($handle,LOCK_EX);
}
$fw = @fwrite($handle,$data);
if($method == “rb+”) ftruncate($handle, strlen($data));
fclose($handle);
$chmod && @chmod($fileName,0777);
return $fw;
}

/**
* path: 生成压缩包的路径
* fileName : 要压缩的文件名 通常和path 同一目录
*/
public function createZipByBackUpFile($path) {
$db_base_files = $this->getFileByBackUpDir($path);
if(!empty($db_base_files)) {
$zip = new ZipArchive;
if($zip->open($path.$this->dbName.date(‘Ymd’).’.zip’, ZipArchive::CREATE | ZIPARCHIVE::OVERWRITE) !== true)
die (“cannot open”.$this->dbName.date(‘Ymd’).”zip for writing.”);
foreach ($db_base_files as $key => $value) {
if(is_file($value)) {
$file_name = basename($value);
$info[] = $zip->addFile($value, $file_name);// 避免压缩包里有文件的路径
}
}
$zip->close();
if(file_exists($path.$this->dbName.date(‘Ymd’).’.zip’))
foreach ($db_base_files as $val) {
unlink($val);
}
if(count(array_filter($info)) > 0) return true;
}
return false;
}

//获取文件
public function getFileByBackUpDir($path) {
$info = array();
$db_base_files = array();
if( @file_exists($path) && is_dir($path) ) {
if ($dh = opendir($path)) {
while (($file = readdir($dh)) !== false) {
if($file != ‘.’ && $file != ‘..’) {
if( strripos($file, ‘seocheck’) !== false ) {
$db_base_files[] = $path.$file;
}
}
}
closedir($dh);
}
}
return $db_base_files;
}

/**
* @path: 生成压缩包的路径
* @fileName : 要解压的文件名 默认解压到path 目录
*/
public function uncompressZip($path, $zipName) {
$path = empty($path) ? $_SERVER[‘DOCUMENT_ROOT’].’/core/Runtime/Data/’ : $path;
$zip = new ZipArchive;
if ($zip->open($path.$zipName) === TRUE) {
$zip->extractTo($path);
$zip->close();
return true;
} else {
return false;
}
}

//导入数据库
public function importingDataBySqlFile () {

}

// 及时输出信息
private function _showMsg($msg,$err=false){
if($err === true) {
echo “<p style=’font-size:14px;’><span style=’color:red;’>ERROR: — ” . $msg . “</span></p>”;exit;
}
echo “<p style=’font-size:14px;’><span style=’color:green;’>OK: — ” . $msg . “</span></p>”;
}

// 锁定数据库,以免备份或导入时出错
private function lock($table, $op = “WRITE”) {
if (mysql_query ( “lock tables ” . $table . ” ” . $op ))
return true;
else
return false;
}

// 解锁
private function unlock() {
if (mysql_query ( “unlock tables” ))
return true;
else
return false;
}

// 析构
public function __destruct() {
if($this->conn){
mysql_query ( “unlock tables”, $this->conn );
mysql_close ( $this->conn );
}
}
}
?>

 

时间:2014-05-20
分类:MySQL , PHP , 编程语言
标签: ,

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