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微博短链接算法PHP版本

微博短链接算法PHP版本

思路:

1)将长网址md5生成32位签名串,分为4段, 每段8个字节;

2)对这四段循环处理, 取8个字节, 将他看成16进制串与0x3fffffff(30位1)与操作, 即超过30位的忽略处理;

3)这30位分成6段, 每5位的数字作为字母表的索引取得特定字符, 依次进行获得6位字符串;

4)总的md5串可以获得4个6位串; 取里面的任意一个就可作为这个长url的短url地址;

下面是PHP代码:

function shorturl($url=”, $prefix=”, $suffix=”) {
$base32 = array (
‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, ‘d’, ‘e’, ‘f’, ‘g’, ‘h’,
‘i’, ‘j’, ‘k’, ‘l’, ‘m’, ‘n’, ‘o’, ‘p’,
‘q’, ‘r’, ‘s’, ‘t’, ‘u’, ‘v’, ‘w’, ‘x’,
‘y’, ‘z’, ‘0’, ‘1’, ‘2’, ‘3’, ‘4’, ‘5’);

$hex = md5($prefix.$url.$suffix);
$hexLen = strlen($hex);
$subHexLen = $hexLen / 8;
$output = array();

for ($i = 0; $i < $subHexLen; $i++) {
$subHex = substr ($hex, $i * 8, 8);
$int = 0x3FFFFFFF & (1 * (‘0x’.$subHex));
$out = ”;
for ($j = 0; $j < 6; $j++) {
$val = 0x0000001F & $int;
$out .= $base32[$val];
$int = $int >> 5;
}
$output[] = $out;
}
return $output;
}

$urls = shorturl(‘http://www.php100.com’);
var_dump($urls);

结果:

array(4) {
[0]=>
string(6) “alms1l”
[1]=>
string(6) “2ipmby”
[2]=>
string(6) “avo1hu”
[3]=>
string(6) “fdlban”
}

 

时间:2014-04-06
分类:PHP , 编程语言
标签: , , ,

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